** For the current status of Bird Flu in Maryland, see the Bird Flu Blog and follow @MdBirdFlu on Twitter. Also, see the Bird Flu Press Kit
Background: Avian influenza is a viral disease that can affect bird species throughout the world. The disease can vary from mild to severe, depending on the virus strain involved. The most severe strain is called highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). High path flu is characterized by high, fast moving fatality rates (more than 75%) within infected flocks. Since December 2014, USDA has confirmed many cases of HPAI in both commercial and backyard flocks. There are currently no known or reported cases of High Path Avian Influenza in Maryland.
Read about confirmed detections of HPAI in 2014-15.
See the latest national status for 2016 here.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention considers the risk to people from these HPAI H5 infections to be low.
This strain is spread by wild migratory birds but may also have other sources as well. Flock owners are urged to practice enhanced biosecurity to protect their flocks. If you have more than one sick bird or if several have died suddenly, contact MDA Animal Health at: 410-841-5810.
Important Reading from the Ag Law Center: Can a Poultry Producer be Liable for Spreading Avian Influenza.
Read frequently asked questions here.
Read the HPAI Response Plan: The Red Book.
Order of the Secretary Governing the Movement of Poultry & Hatching Eggs, Biosecurity Requirements (Jan. 1, 2017)
Order of the Secretary Governing Auction Markets, Live Bird Markets & Other Exhibitions (Jan. 1, 2017)
Order of the Secretary Governing the Movement of Poultry & Hatching Eggs, Biosecurity Requirements (July 1, 2016)
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