HPAI and Dairy Herds: What You Need to Know

HPAI and Dairy Herds.png ​
*** UPDATE*** 
​On April 24, 2024, the USDA issued a Federal order requiring testing for and reporting of 
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in livestock  

USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspecition Service (APHIS) has confirmed Highly Pathogenic Avian 
Influenza in dairy herds in IdahoTexasNew MexicoKansas, Michigan, South Dakota, North Carolina, Colorado and Ohio.  A single case of HPAI in a human has been confirmed in Texas, however, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has assessed the public risk as low.

What's Being Done in Maryland: 
The Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA) is actively working with state and federal partners to monitor and respond to the situation. Farms and individuals involved in animal farming are encouraged to stay alert, become familar with the signs of HPAI in poultry and cattle and take measures to protect their flocks and herds. 

On April 30, 2024 MDA Secretary Kevin Atticks signed an amended order​ restricting the movement of dairy cattle into Maryland from states with confirmed cases of HPAI in dairy herds.  

Milk Safety:
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has assured consumers that the milk supply is safe. All milk products undergo pasteurization before reaching the market, and dairies are required to send only milk from healthy animals for human consumption. The FDA strongly recommends heat treatment of milk from cows showing signs of illness or exposed to avian influenza before feeding it to calves.

Tips for Poultry and Livestock Owners:
Poultry and livestock owners are encouraged to practice biosecurity daily to protect their animals, watch for signs of illness, and report any suspected cases to the Maryland Department of Agriculture. 

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Is it safe to drink milk during the avian influenza outbreak? YES. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration assures the safety of the milk supply through pasteurization and strict regulations.

2. How can I protect my poultry and livestock from avian influenza? You can safeguard your animals by practicing biosecurity, staying alert for signs of illness, and reporting any suspected cases to the Maryland Department of Agriculture.

3. How to submit samples for Testing?
For more information on potential human health impacts, please visit the Maryland Department of Health's​ FAQ page. 

For more information or resources from our Federal partners, please visit the links to the right or contact MDA's Animal Health Program at MD.DairyHPAI@maryland.gov.

Contact Us

Animal Health:

410-841-5810 office
800-492-5590 toll free
410-841-5971 after hours

MD.DairyHPAI@maryland.gov ​

5/2/2024- Amended Order Of The Secretary 
Governing The Movement Of Lactating Dairy Cattle Into The State Of Maryland

Resources for Farmers​

​Maryland Department of Agriculture

Maryland Department of Health 

Maryland Department of Health Avian Influenza Mainpage 
​United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Resources

Press Release Announcing New Actions to Reduce Impact and Spread of H5N1​

Testing Guidance for Labs for Influenza A in Livestock​

Human Trafficking GET HELP

National Human Trafficking Hotline - 24/7 Confidential

1-888-373-7888 233733 More Information
on human trafficking in Maryland

Customer Service Promise

The State of Maryland pledges to provide constituents, businesses, customers, and stakeholders with friendly and courteous, timely and responsive, accurate and consistent, accessible and convenient, and truthful and transparent services.

Take Our Survey

Help Stop Fraud in State Government

The Maryland General Assembly’s Office of Legislative Audits operates a toll-free fraud hotline to receive allegations of fraud and/or abuse of State government resources. Information reported to the hotline in the past has helped to eliminate certain fraudulent activities and protect State resources.

More Information