Maryland's Conservation Buffer Initiative

Stream Buffer/Copyright Edwin Remsberg


2022 Program Highlights​

Ba​ck by popular demand, Maryland's Conservation Buffer Initiative provides farmers with attractive incentive payments to plant streamside buffers on farms to improve the health of local streams and the Chesapeake Bay.

​New this year, farmers can receive up to $4,500 an acre to install riparian forest buffers
with pasture fencing. Financial assistance is also available to install deer fencing next to grass buffers. Other features include a buffer option for field ditches, flexible site management, and shorter contract terms.

Three types of buffers are eligible for funding and free technical assistance from local soil conservation districts under this program: forest buffers planted next to waterways, grass buffers planted next to waterways or field ditches, and watercourse access control areas adjacent to pastures.​ Here's how the program works:
  • Payment rates range from $500/acre for an existing grass buffer to a maximum of $4,500/acre to install a riparian forest buffer with pasture fencing.
  • ​Financial assistance is offered to install deer fencing next to grass buffers.
  • Mowing and hay harvesting are allowed; nutrient applications are not.
  • Far​mers receive a one-time payment for enrolled land.
  • Contracts are for 5 or 10 years.​
  • Soil conservation districts provide free technical assistance to get your buffer installed.
  • All work must be completed by June 30, 2023
  • You can email your application or send it through the mail.
  • Please see instructions and forms that you can download at right. 
  • Applications will be accepted January 10 through February 18, 2022.​

Grass Buffers on Watercourses – Establish a new buffer or improve an existing buffer between cropland and either an adjacent watercourse or field ditch. Buffers are herbaceous and range in width from 10 feet to 100 feet. Additional funding is available to establish deer fencing next to the grass buffer. 

Forest Buffers on Watercourses – Establish a new buffer or improve an existing buffer between cropland and an adjacent watercourse. Buffers are planted with trees and shrubs and range in width from 35 feet to 100 feet. 

Watercourse Access Control Area – Establish a new access control area or improve an existing access control area between an adjacent watercourse and an active livestock pasture. Additional funding is available to establish livestock exclusion fencing. The conservation buffer located between the fence and the watercourse may be planted in grass or trees and shrubs. It may range in width from 10 feet to 100 feet but must be at least 35 feet wide if establishing woody vegetation. No grazing allowed in the access control area. 


  • Cropland next to a stream or ditch that has an established cropping history in pasture, commodity crops or hay
  • Areas adjacent to watercourses with highly erodible or hydric soils, as determined by the local soil conservation district.
  • Field ditches are not eligible to establish woody conservation buffers. 
  • Existing buffers or agricultural lands that are actively enrolled in state (MACS) or federal programs (CRP, CREP, EQIP, etc.) or mandated by an easement are not eligible for this program.
  • Farmers and landowners who are responsible for the management of eligible lands may apply. 
  • Farmers who lease leasing lands must certify an active lease for the term of the buffer, or provide an agreement from the landowner. 
  • Applicants who are ineligible to participate in USDA or state cost-share programs due to deceptive practices or nonconformance are ineligible to participate in this program. 
  • Farmers and landowners must be in good standing with the Maryland Nutrient Management Program, the Maryland Agricultural Water Quality Cost-Share Program and the Maryland Agricultural Land Preservation Foundation Program, if applicable.
  • A current Nutrient Management Plan Certification is required and must be submitted with the application.
  • Additional restrictions may apply. 
  • ​Download the application.
  • Complete the application and submit with
  • Email your application to: between January 10, 2022 and February 18, 2022 or mail to Maryland Department of Agriculture, c/o Conservation Buffer Initiative, 50 Harry S. Truman Parkway, Annapolis MD 21401
  • Questions? Call your local soil conservation district​.​
Funding for Maryland’s Conservation Buffer Initiative is provided by the Chesapeake and Atlantic Coastal Bays Trust Fund and the Environmental Protection Agency. ​

Contact Information

Alisha Mulkey, Program Manager
Program Planning & Evaluation​
Office of Resource Conservation

Mailing Address  

Maryland Department of Agriculture
Conservation Buffer Initiative
Room 306
50 Harry S. Truman Parkway
Annapolis, MD 21401​

Email Address​

Application Instructions
  • ​Download the application
  • Complete the application and submit with 1) a map that shows the location and acreage of the buffer, and 2) a signed Nutrient Management Plan Certification Form 
  • Email your application or send via the postal service (see addresses above) between January 10, 2022 and February 18, 2022​  

Applications and Forms

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